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CSA Names: N-(1-Adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide
CSA Location: Schedule I Section (g) Subsection (18) DEA code 7048
Schedule I Section (h) Subsection (3) DEA code 7048
CSA History: 80 FR 27611 proposed to add on 14 May 2015
78 FR 21858 proposed to add (for two years) via the emergency scheduling provision of 21 USC 811(h) on 12 Apr 2013
78 FR 28735 added (for two years) via the emergency scheduling provision of 21 USC 811(h) effective 16 May 2013
80 FR 14842 renumbered effective 20 Mar 2015
80 FR 27611 proposed to revoke (and to renumber subsequent entries) on 14 May 2015
80 FR 27854 extended (for one year) the prior emergency scheduling effective 15 May 2015
Names: AKB48 (primary)
N-(Adamantan-1-yl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (IUPAC ACD/Name)
Molecular formula: C23H31N3O
Nominal mass: 365
Average mass: 365.5117
Monoisotopic mass: 365.246713
CAS registry number: 1345973-53-6
ChemSpider: 28189076
PubChem: 57404063
Wikipedia: AKB48 (drug)
Drugs-Forum: AKB48
Bluelight: AKB48
Standard InChI: InChI=1S/C23H31N3O/c1-2-3-6-9-26-20-8-5-4-7-19(20)21(25-26)22(27)24-23-13-16-10-17(14-23)12-18(11-16)15-23/h4-5,7-8,16-18H,2-3,6,9-15H2,1H3,(H,24,27)
SMILES: CCCCCn1nc(c2c1cccc2)C(=O)NC12CC3CC(C2)CC(C1)C3
Tags: cannabinoid,USCSA
Property Value Remarks
Property Value Remarks
Location Type Remarks
AKB48 JCSO.pdf EI MS Coutesy of MFRC grant SC-12-370 by JCSO (spectra not from verified reference standard)
AKB48 MS.pdf EI MS From SWGDRUG Library
AKB48 edit.pdf SP-GC-IR DiscovIR
Vendor ID URL
Cayman Chemical 11566
LGC CAY-11566-25MG
Lipomed AKB-1631
Toronto Research Chemicals A450100
Title Publication Date Vol. Iss. Page(s) Remarks
A new pyrazole-carboxamide type synthetic cannabinoid AB-CHFUPYCA [N-(1-amino-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl)-1-(cyclohexylmethyl)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide] identified in illegal product Forensic Toxicology 2015-07-01 Vol 33 (367-373) Nahoko Uchiyama et al
Consideration of the major cannabinoid agonists 2009-07-00 Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
Understanding the Spice phenomenon 2009-00-00 European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction
Further consideration of the synthetic cannabinoids 2012-10-18 Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs
GC–MS and FTIR evaluation of the six benzoyl-substituted-1-pentylindoles: Isomeric synthetic cannabinoids Talanta 2014-11-01 Vol 129 (171-182) Forrest T. Smitha et al
Detection and identification of the new potential synthetic cannabinoids 1-pentyl-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole and 1-pentyl-3-(1-adamantoyl)indole in seized bulk powders in Hungary Forensic Science International 2012-01-01 Vol 214 (27-32) Péter Jankovics et al
Synthetic cannabinoids and cathinones: prevalence and markets Forensic Science Review 2013-03-01 Vol 25 (7-26) Bretteville-Jensen et al
Identification and analytical properties of new synthetic cannabimimetics bearing 2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropanecarbonyl moiety Forensic Science International 2013-03-10 Vol 226 (62-73) Vadim Shevyrin et al
Spice, bath salts, and the U.S. military: the emergence of synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists and cathinones in the U.S. Armed Forces. 2012-09-01 Loeffler G, Hurst D, Penn A, Yung K
Synthetic cannabinoid and marijuana exposures reported to poison centers Hum Exp Toxicol 2012-10-31 (1006-1011) MB Forrester et al
Separation and structural characterization of the synthetic cannabinoids JWH-412 and 1-[(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3yl]-(4-methylnaphthalen-1-yl)methanone using GC–MS, NMR analysis and a flash chromato Forensic Science International 2012-07-12 Vol 220 (e17-e22) Bjoern Moosmann et al
Cannabinoid chemistry: an overview Cannabinoids as Therapeutics 2005-01-01 (23-46) Lumír O. Hanuš and Raphael Mechoulam
Identification of two new-type synthetic cannabinoids, N-(1-adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indole-3-carboxamide (APICA) and N-(1-adamantyl)-1-pentyl-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide (APINACA) For. Toxicology 2012-07-01 Vol 30 Nahoko Uchiyama et. al.
Database ID URL
SWGDRUG Monographs AKB48 Monograph
Cayman Spectral Database
SWGDRUG Mass Spectral Library
Society of Forensic Toxicologists Designer Drug Monographs AKB-48 Monograph
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Substance name
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